The Quran is the holy book of the Islamic world. It was Collected over a 23-year period during the 7th century C.E., the Quran is said to consist of Allah’s revelations to the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), transmitted through the angel Gabriel (peace be upon him). Surat Fatihah is First Surah of Quran.
The Quran is divided into 114 chapters of different topics and lengths, known as surah. Each surah is made up of verses, known as ayat (or ayah). The shortest surah is Al-Kawthar, made up of only three verses; the longest is Al-Baqara, with 286 verses. The chapters are classified as Meccan or Medina.
In this blog post we will provide translation and Tafseer of Surat Fatihah.
translation and tafseer
This Surah is called Al-Fatihah, that is, the Opener of the Book, the Surah with which prayers are begun. It is also called, Umm Al-Kitab (the Mother of the Book), according to the majority of the scholars. In an authentic Hadith recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who graded it Sahih, Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said,
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ أُمُّ الْقُرْآنِ وَأُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَالسَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي وَالْقُرْآنُ الْعَظِيمُ
(Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-‘Alamin is the Mother of the Qur’an, the Mother of the Book, and the seven repeated Ayat of the Glorious Qur’an.)
It is also called Al-Hamd and As-Salah, because the Prophet ﷺ said that his Lord said,
قَسَمْتُ الصَّلَاةَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي نِصْفَيْنِ، فَإِذَا قَالَ الْعَبْدُ: الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ، قَالَ اللهُ: حَمِدَنِي عَبْدِي
(‘The prayer (i.e., Al-Fatihah) is divided into two halves between Me and My servants.’ When the servant says, ‘All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of existence,’ Allah says, ‘My servant has praised Me.’)
How many Ayat does Al-Fatihah (Surat Fatihah) contain?
There is no disagreement over the view that Al-Fatihah (surat Fatihah) contains seven Ayat. According to the majority of the reciters of Al-Kufah, a group of the Companions, the Tabi’in, and a number of scholars from the successive generations, the Bismillah is a separate Ayah in its beginning.
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ (١)
Bismil llahi rrahmani rraheem
(1. In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful)
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ(٢)
Alhamdu lillahi rabbi lameen
(2 [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord1 of the worlds)
(3 The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful,)
مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ(٤)
(4 Sovereign (Master) of the Day of Recompense)
إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ (٥)
Iyyaka naA’budu wa-iyyaka nasta’een
(5 It is You we worship and You we ask for help.)
اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ(٦)
Ihdina sirata lmustaqeem
(6 Guide us to the straight path -)
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّآلِّينَ (٧)
Sirata lazeena ana’mta alayhim ghayri lmaghdoobi a;layhim wala ddallllleeen
(7 The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have earned [Your] anger or of those who are astray.)
Reciting Al-Fatihah is required in Every Rak’ah of the Prayer
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ Said;
مَنْ صَلَّى صَلَاةً لَمْ يَقْرَأْ فِيهَا بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ فَهِيَ خِدَاجٌ
(Whoever performs any prayer in which he did not recite Umm Al-Qur’an, his prayer is incomplete.)
Also, the Two Sahihs recorded that ‘Ubadah bin As-Samit said that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said,
لَا صَلَاةَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَقْرَأْ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ
(There is no prayer for whoever does not recite the Opening of the Book.)
There are many other Hadiths on this subject. Therefore, reciting the Opening of the Book, during the prayer by the Imam and those praying behind him, is required in every prayer, and in every Rak’ah.